Curve DAO: Protocol Ownership

The Curve DAO controls admin functionality throughout the protocol. Performing calls to to owner/admin-level functions is only possible via a successful DAO vote.

Ownership is handled via a series of proxy contracts. At a high level, the flow of ownership is:

DAO -> Aragon Agent -> Ownership Proxy -> Contracts

At the ownership proxy level there are two main contracts:

The DAO is capable of replacing the ownership proxies via a vote. Deployment addresses for the current contracts can be found in the addresses reference section of the documentation.


The Curve DAO has a total of three Aragon Agent ownership addresses, which are governed by two independent DAOs:

  1. The Community DAO (or just “the DAO”) governs the day-to-day operation of the protocol.

    Voting is based on a user’s holdings of “Vote Escrowed CRV” (veCRV). veCRV is obtained by locking CRV for up to 4 years, with 1 veCRV equal to 1 CRV locked for 4 years. As the lock time decreases, An account’s veCRV balance decreases linearly as the time remaining until unlock decreases. veCRV is non-transferrable.

    An account must have a minimum balance of 2500 veCRV to make a DAO vote. Each vote lasts for one week. Votes cannot be executed until the entire week has passed.

    The DAO has ownership of two admin accounts:

    • The ownership admin controls most functionality within the protocol. Performing an action via the ownership admin requires a 30% quorum with 51% support.

    • The parameter admin has authority to modify parameters on pools, such as adjusting the amplification co-efficient. Performing an action via the paramater admin requries a 15% quorum with 51% support.

  2. The Emergency DAO has limited authority to kill pools and gauges during extraordinary circumstances.

    The emergency DAO consists of nine members, comprised of a mix of the Curve team and prominent figures within the DeFi community. Each member has one vote. Any member may propose a vote.

    All members of the emergency DAO may propose new votes. A vote lasts for 24 hours and can be executed immediately once it receives 66% support.


PoolProxy is used for indirect ownership of exchange contracts.

Source code for this contract is available on Github.

Configuring Fee Burners

PoolProxy.burners(coin: address) address: view

Getter for the burner contract address for coin.

PoolProxy.set_burner(coin: address, burner: address): nonpayable

Set burner of coin to burner address.

Callable only by the ownership admin.

PoolProxy.set_many_burners(coins: address[20], burners: address[20]): nonpayable

Set burner contracts for many coins at once.

  • coins: Array of coin addresses. If you wish to set less than 20 burners, fill the remaining array slots with ZERO_ADDRESS.

  • burners: Array of burner addresses. The address as index n within this list corresponds to the address at index n within coins.

Callable only by the ownership admin.

PoolProxy.set_donate_approval(pool: address, caller: address, is_approved: bool): nonpayable

Set approval for an address to call donate_admin_fees on a specific pool.

  • pool: Pool address

  • caller: Adddress to set approval for

  • is_approved: Approval status

Callable only by the ownership admin.

PoolProxy.set_burner_kill(_is_killed: bool): nonpayable

Disable or enable the process of fee burning.

Callable by the emergency and ownership admins.

Withdraing and Burning Fees

PoolProxy.withdraw_admin_fees(pool: address): nonpayable

Withdraw admin fees from pool into this contract.

This is the first step in fee burning. This function is unguarded - it may be called by any address.

PoolProxy.withdraw_many(pools: address[20]): nonpayable

Withdraw fees from multiple pools in a single call.

This function is unguarded.

PoolProxy.burn(coin: address): nonpayable

Transfer the contract’s balance of coin into the preset burner and execute the burn process.

Only callable via an externally owned account; a check that tx.origin == msg.sender is performed to prevent potential flashloan exploits.

PoolProxy.burn_many(coins: address[20]): nonpayable

Execute the burn process on many coins at once.

Note that burning can be very gas intensive. In some cases burning 20 coins at once is not possible due to the block gas limit.

PoolProxy.donate_admin_fees(_pool: address): nonpayable

Donate a pool’s current admin fees to the pool LPs.

Callable by the ownership admin, or any address given explicit permission to do so via set_donate_approval

Killing Pools

PoolProxy.kill_me(_pool: address): nonpayable

Pauses the pool.

When paused, it is only possible for existing LPs to remove liquidity via remove_liquidity. Exchanges and adding or removing liquidity in other ways are blocked.

Callable only by the emergency admin.

PoolProxy.unkill_me(_pool: address): nonpayable

Unpause a pool that was previously paused, re-enabling exchanges.

Callable by the emergency and ownership admins.

Pool Ownership

PoolProxy.commit_transfer_ownership(pool: address, new_owner: address): nonpayable

Initiate an ownership transfer of pool to new_owner.

Callable only by the ownership admin.

PoolProxy.accept_transfer_ownership(pool: address): nonpayable

Accept ending ownership transfer for pool.

This function is unguarded.

PoolProxy.revert_transfer_ownership(pool: address): nonpayable

Cancel a pending ownership transfer for pool.

Callable by the emergency and ownership admins.

Modifying Pool Parameters

PoolProxy.commit_new_parameters(pool: address, amplification: uint256, new_fee: uint256, new_admin_fee: uint256, min_asymmetry: uint256): nonpayable

Initiate a change of parameters for a pool.

  • pool: Pool address

  • amplification New Amplification coefficient

  • new_fee New fee

  • new_admin_fee New admin fee

  • min_asymmetry Minimal asymmetry factor allowed.

Asymmetry factor is: Prod(balances) / (Sum(balances) / N) ** N

Callable only by the parameter admin.

PoolProxy.apply_new_parameters(_pool: address): nonpayable

Apply a parameter change on a pool.

This function is unguarded, however it can only be called via an EOA to minimize the likelihood of a flashloan exploit.

PoolProxy.revert_new_parameters(_pool: address): nonpayable

Revert comitted new parameters for pool

Callable by the emergency and ownership admins.

PoolProxy.ramp_A(_pool: address, _future_A: uint256, _future_time: uint256): nonpayable

Start a gradual increase of the amplification coefficient for a pool.

  • _pool: Pool address

  • future_A: New amplification coefficient to ramp to

  • future_time: Epoch time to complete the ramping at

Callable only by the parameter admin.

PoolProxy.stop_ramp_A(pool: address): nonpayable

Stop the gradual ramping of pool’s amplification coefficient.

Callable by the emergency and parameter admins.

PoolProxy.commit_new_fee(pool: address, new_fee: uint256, new_admin_fee: uint256):

Initiate change in the fees for a pool.

  • ``pool`:` Pool address

  • new_fee: New fee

  • new_admin_fee: New admin fee

Callable only by the parameter admin.

PoolProxy.apply_new_fee(_pool: address): nonpayable

Apply a fee change to a pool.

This function is unguarded.


GaugeProxy is used for indirect ownership of liquidity gauges.

Source code for this contract is available on Github.

GaugeProxy.set_rewards(gauge: address, reward_contract: address, sigs: bytes32, reward_tokens: address[8]): nonpayable

Set the active reward contract for a LiquidityGaugeV2 deployment.

See the gauge documentation for details on how this function works.

  • gauge Gauge address

  • reward_contract: Address of the staking contract. Set to ZERO_ADDRESS if staking rewards are being removed.

  • sigs: A concatenation of three four-byte function signatures: stake, withdraw and getReward. The signatures are then right padded with empty bytes. See the example below for more information on how to prepare this data.

  • reward_tokens: Array of rewards tokens received from the staking contract.

Callable by the ownership admin.

GaugeProxy.set_killed(gauge: address, is_killed: bool): nonpayable

Set the killed status for a gauge.

  • gauge Gauge address

  • is_killed Killed status to set

Once killed, a gauge always yields a rate of 0 and so cannot mint CRV. Any vote-weight given to a killed gauge effectively burns CRV.

Callable by the ownership admin or the emergency admin.

GaugeProxy.commit_transfer_ownership(gauge: address, new_owner: address): nonpayable

Initiate the transfer of ownership of a gauge.

  • gauge: Address of the gauge to transfer ownership of

  • new_owner: New owner address

Callable only by the ownership admin.

GaugeProxy.accept_transfer_ownership(gauge: address): nonpayable

Apply ownership transfer of a gauge.

This function is unguarded. After commit_transfer_ownership has been called by the current owner, anyone can call into GaugeProxy to trigger the acceptance.